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There are multiple causes for depression. The most common influences are:

1) Changes in the body’s proper cortisol and insulin response (see article on blood sugar)

4 primary factors which alter healthy insulin response:

· Dietary habits: Disproportionate intake of refined carbohydrates

Consumption of vegetable oils and trans-fats

Forgetting or omitting to eat regularly throughout the day

Fruit juices, sweets and sugar substitutes

· Mineral deficiency

· Low levels of DHA

· Increased cortisol levels

2) Major influences which effect cortisol levels (see article on stress)

Dietary habits (see above)
Major life trauma or stressors
Accumulation of daily stress over an extended period of time
Toxic influences
-Endogenous: toxins produced by normal metabolic processes

-Exogenous: environmental toxins i.e. pesticides, preservatives, hydrogenated oils

3) Psychological factors: present day influences or unresolved childhood conflicts

Lack of proper exercise

Imbalance in essential fatty acid balance
Usually there is an increased need for omega 3 fats. This is found in salmon,
mackerel, herring, trout and other fish. Can use supplemental EPA/DHA

4) Other

· Underactive thyroid

Most of the time this results from the aforementioned imbalances and:

-Metal toxicity

- Digestive problems: candidiasis, parasites, microflora imbalance

-Unresolved viruses and bacterial problems

· Hormonal influences

-Relative high estrogen levels will suppress thyroid function (women and men)

- Relative low progesterone levels

-Low levels of testosterone (men and women)

· Exercise

Aerobic exercise (walking is an excellent form), minimally 3-4 times-per-week, for approximately 30 minutes can increase serotonin levels and decrease depression.

· Sleep disturbance

The second half of REM sleep is involved with emotional healing. Any interference with this phase of sleep can have a direct impact on one’s mental state of well-being.

· Digestion:

-Malabsorption leads to deficiency in nutrients vital to emotional function.

-Food allergies

-Toxins from pathogens i.e. candida, parasites

Anxiety may result from any of the above possibilities. It also may indicate and imbalance in certain brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. It is a relative decrease in the inhibitory neurotransmitters GABA, Glycine and Taurine (these are amino acids) and/or a relative elevation of the excitatory brain chemicals, glutamate and aspartate. Foods with these compounds can initiate similar feelings. One other brain messenger implicated may be high levels of noradrenaline.


Many of today’s modern anti-depressants are classified as “SSRI”-serotonin reuptake inhibitors. These compounds intervene with the brains normal physiological processes and keep the serotonin levels in the brain artificially elevated to increase one’s sense of well being. These drugs do not assist the body to re-establish its own ability to manufacture serotonin efficiently.

Some facts about SSRI

SSRIs, while elevating serotonin, decrease another brain chemical called dopamine. Dopamine is involved with the body’s understanding of pleasure and reward in regards to its natural cycles with food, sleep, sex etc. The alteration of dopamine levels is one of the reasons for the serious side effects of the drugs. Prozac ends up working on the nervous system as a stimulant. Research shows with long term use, neuronal (nerves in the brain) recidivism occurs.

Last year 11 million prescriptions for antidepressants were written. U.S. retail in antidepressants totaled $12.5 billion in sales in 2001. 40 million people are on SSRI worldwide. Prozac has generated more than $21 billion in sales. Prozac is also marketed under a different name, Serafem, for women suffering with PMDD (this describes a form of PMS with very serious emotional dysfunction during the second half of a woman’s cycle). It is not known what percentage of doctors actually tell their female patients they are receiving Prozac under a different name.

Newsday reports on March 23, 2004, “Federal regulators yesterday asked pharmaceutical companies to strengthen the wording on labels on 10 antidepressants to warn the drugs may heighten risk of suicide.”

Those drugs are Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, Luvox, Celexa, Lexapro, Wellbutrin, Effexor, Serzone and Remeron.

For a full and complete understanding of Prozac et al., see the works of Dr.Peter Breggin

“In one of the largest long-term studies of depression, Emory University’s Dr. Charles Nemeroff found that depressed adults with early life trauma-loss of a parent, physical or sexual abuse, witnessing violence-benefited more from psychotherapy that from medicine”-Jamie Talon, Newsday, 3/15/04