Thyroid is a gland located on either side of the Adamís apple. It produces a hormone called thyroxine (T4) that is circulated throughout the body. When it arrives at specific sites, i.e. liver, intestional tract, it is converted to an active form of thyroid hormone called triiodothyronine (T3). This hormone works at the cell level and stimulates all the cells in the body. It is intricately involved in regulating metabolic rate and facilitating growth in children.
The most common imbalance in the thyroid gland is called hypothyroidism. This indicates the gland is operating below its normal level of capacity. Some of the symptoms that denote hypothyroidism are:
The most common cause of hypothyroid is Hashimotos disease. This is an autoimmune response where the body develops antibodies against the thyroid gland and attacks it. This creates inflammation and eventually will destroy the gland itself. As a general rule, in our office, we do not commonly find hypothyroid problems as the primary cause of an individualís malaise. Even if it is revealed in the patientís history and confirmed by laboratory testing, quite often it is reactive due to other dysfunctions in the body. Before we treat hypothyroidism as the primary problem we first examine (and correct) the following:
When the thyroid gland becomes overactive and secretes excess thyroxine (T4) it is considered to be hyperactive. This will speed up the bodyís normal metabolic rate and create some of the following symptoms:
There are varying types of hyperthyroidism. The most common is called Graves Disease. This is an autoimmune response in which the body produces antibodies that stimulate the thyroid gland to produce excess thyroxine. Along with the other symptoms, Graves Disease is accompanied by:
In our office, we commonly find hyperthyroidism results from some of the following problems: