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The knee is predominantly a hinge joint with the primary movement being flexion (forward) and extension (back). Similar to all other joints, it is bound by ligaments for its primary support. During movement, the muscles offer additional support. However, when the knee is in one position, it is the ligaments that must protect it when any force is applied to the knee.

Inside the knee joint, there are two circular pieces of cartilage, adjacent to one another, between the femur (thigh bone) and the tibia (lower leg bone). These are referred to as meniscus. They function as shock absorbers, distribute the weight load more evenly, and provide stability between the two bones.

Common causes of knee problems:

Muscular imbalances
Misalignment with foot, knee, hip and pelvis
Overuse syndrome: exercise, occupational
Inflammatory disease i.e. arthritis
Chronic stress to the area
Q Angle in women
Adrenal dysfunction

We use the following guidelines to examine the knee:

History of onset
Orthopedic testing
Applied Kinesiology muscle testing
Postural analysis
Gait analysis
If applicable: training and exercise technique review
Dietary review

The following modalities are used to treat knee problems

Adjustments: foot, ankle, knee, hip and pelvis
Muscle work: Trigger point therapy, myofascial release, muscle re-balancing
Home care exercise program-strengthening and stretching
Corrections to training and exercise techniques
Possible change of footwear and/or orthotics
Dietary changes: Remove foods and correct habits that induce inflammation
i.e. the phosphorous in soda can create knee pain and problems in children

Supplementation to reduce inflammation and support tissue repair