Risk Factors: smoking, obesity, diabetes, Type A personality, infections
Lifestyle: Diet-high saturated fat, low fiber, high refined carbohydrates, caffeine
Lack of aerobic exercise and relaxation
Lab tests to evaluate at risk
Cholesterol is not the best indicator to predict CVD. See article on cholesterol.
Hypertension is usually diagnosed when blood pressure rises above 140/90. Left untreated, hypertension can lead to a stroke, heart attack and congestive heart failure.
It can be associated with headaches, ringing in the ears, bloody noses, and light headedness.
Various factors involved with hypertension are
This condition involves a thickening of the walls of the arteries and a loss of elasticity that interferes with normal blood flow. This thickening is due to a build up of fatty deposits known as plaque. This accumulation of plaque occurs slowly and narrows the opening of the arteries. This forces the heart to pump harder and can lead to hypertension. In turn high blood pressure can lead to further hardening of the arteries. If the blood supply to the heart is reduced significantly enough so there is not enough oxygen reaching the heart, a heart attack (myocardial infarction) can result.
The major causes for arteriosclerosis include:
Angina results from insufficient oxygen supply to the heart muscle usually caused by arteriosclerosis. It usually precedes a heart attack. Other factors possibly involved are hypoglycemia and thyroid conditions.
This is a change in the normal rhythm of the heart. It can be momentary, episodic or long term. Sometimes it is accompanied by dizziness or light-headedness.
For anyone taking statin drugs, be aware of two physiological changes: decreased production of Co Q10 (critical for heart muscle tissue function) and decreased production of testosterone (also critical for heart function)